Happy Republic Day
|Republic Day honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.|
The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.
|Here are some facts about Republic Day that every Indian must be aware of:|
|1. January 26, 1930 was earlier celebrated as India's Independence Day or Purna Swaraj Day. It's the day India decided to fight for complete freedom.|
|2. After we achieved Independence on August 15 in 1947, our leaders wanted January 26 to be remembered in history as well. Therefore, the day was made to coincide with the day of Swaraj.|
|3. The first Republic Day was celebrated on January 26, 1950, three years after we got independence.|
|4. Republic Day Celebrations are a 3-day long affair.|
The celebrations end on January 29 with the Beating Retreat ceremony.
|5. The first R-Day parade at Rajpath was held in 1955.|
|6. A Christian song, Abide With Me, is played at the Republic Day Parade. It is believed to be one of Mahatma Gandhi's favourite songs.|
|7. India's Constitution is the longest in the world. It has a total of 448 articles.|
It is written in English and Hindi.
|8. Drafting the Constitution was a herculean task. Dr B.R. Ambedkar took 2 years and 11 months to draft the Indian Constitution.|
|9. Our leaders took the best aspects from other countries' constitutions. The concept of liberty, equality and fraternity came from the French constitution while the Five-Year Plans came from the USSR constitution.|
|10. Before the Constitution came into force, India followed British Government's Government of India Act 1935.|
|11. A majority of national awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Kirti Chakra are awarded during the Republic Day ceremony.|